Beginner Horse Ownership: What You Need to Know

Horse ownership requires substantial time and monetary commitment. Nonetheless, it may be rewarding and enjoyable. Horses are gorgeous companion animals that You can keep for pleasure riding, competition, or both. You are required to provide your horse with the necessities for health and happiness.

Horse Maintenance and General Health Care

Despite their widespread familiarity, you would be surprised how little most people know about horses. Everyone has an opinion, and there are numerous myths. Here are some horse facts to help you better understand them, especially if you are considering taking riding lessons or purchasing your first horse.

Property owners who rescue and maintain horses must have a Property Identification Code (PIC). These requirements are as follows:

  • water
  • shelter
  • company
  • health care
  • space and exercise
  • adequate and appropriate feed
  • treatment of illness or injury.

If you want professional help, you should get veterinary care for Gillette pets.


To maintain a healthy body, horses require a high-quality roughage diet (pasture, hay, or chaff). A general recommendation for daily caloric intake is 1 to 2 kilograms per 100 kilograms of body weight or:

  • Pony (measuring up to 13.5 hands, 200–350kg) feed 3–7kg each day
  • Galloway (measuring 13.5–15 hands, 350–500kg) feed 7–10kg each day
  • Horse (measuring 15–16.5 hands, 500–650kg) feed 10–13kg each day
  • Heavy Horse (measuring 16.5+ hands, 650+kg) feed 13+ kg each day

A frequently worked horse with inadequate pasture or lost condition may need additional feeding.

In the paddock, place a mineral block or salt lick. Consult your veterinarian for dietary supplementation recommendations. You should not feed horses many food scraps and grass clippings because they can make them sick. One of the most significant indicators of horse health is providing as much forage as possible (hay or grass). 

Many of us now have access to nutritionally and energetically superior hay. Some horses self-regulate and graze throughout the day, consuming numerous small meals. For horses that tend to overeat, we now have “slow hay feeders” that restrict the amount of hay they can consume at once (which can lead to unhealthy weight gain). Even “easy keepers” now have extended access to grass.

Foot Care

You should trim the horse’s hooves every 6 to 8 weeks. This prevents them from chipping or becoming excessively long, which would be painful for the horse. Riding a horse on rough or rocky terrain necessitates the use of footwear.

Dental Care

A qualified and experienced equine dentist should examine the teeth of a paddock-kept horse at least once per year. Untreated teeth can cause oral discomfort. Every three to six months, horses under the age of five and those fed grains must undergo a dental examination. Read more for additional information.

Equine Worming

Regular worming will prevent worm growth in the stomach and intestines of your horse. Multiple worming pastes must be utilized every 6 to 8 weeks. Because dosage frequency and amounts can vary, adhering to the product’s instructions is crucial. It is simple to keep worms at bay in pastures by removing excess manure from the horse’s paddock.

Equine Vaccinations

Your veterinarian can advise you on the types and frequency of vaccinations your horse requires. They may recommend equine vaccinations in Gillette against strangles, respiratory viruses, and tetanus.


As herd animals, horses need the companionship of other horses. This could be in the same or a nearby pasture. Behavioral issues may arise when a horse is left alone in the paddock or while being ridden.


The best way to learn how to care for a horse is by serving as an apprentice to a horse expert. It could be as easy as hanging out at the barn and taking lessons, or it could be more complicated, such as renting a horse so the owner can teach you how to care for and groom the horse.