Reasons for Pet Dental Issues and How to Deal With It

Like humans, dogs and cats can be affected by oral disease or may have accidents needing medical attention. Also, like humans, oral problems can affect their general health. Although routine veterinary checkups include mouth tests and cleaning, there are situations where oral problems are unforeseeable.

Breed-Specific Issues

Some dogs and cats are more susceptible to oral issues because of their breed. These can be due to their bone structures or their genetic makeup. Check it out with your vet if your pet is susceptible to any issues.

Some breeds with really small mouths, like chihuahuas, usually have issues with overcrowding. Some dogs and cats may experience persistent deciduous teeth (PDT), where baby teeth do not fall out. Adult teeth then force their way out, resulting in both malocclusions and overcrowding.

Big-breed canines are prone to a condition called gingival hyperplasia. It means the dog experiences excessive growth and thickening of the gums. It can be caused by genetics or can be a reaction to inflammation because of bacteria in the gums.

Periodontal Disease

When the problems mentioned above are not addressed, there is a risk of periodontal diseases. Suppose there is difficulty in maintaining oral hygiene due to pain or hard-to-reach areas; plaque buildup is unavoidable. Tartar buildup can go under the gum line. Bacteria in plaque can cause gingivitis, stomatitis, etc.

Oral Treatments and Surgery

Dogs and cats that are consistently brought to the veterinarian for their annual are most likely to maintain excellent oral health. Aside from the thorough cleaning and dental examinations, the vet can provide suggestions relating to breed-specific concerns. Tooth extractions or orthodontic intervention can be proactive solutions to impending problems.

However, the vet dentist might suggest emergency or even full-mouth extractions in case of serious damage and disease. This might sound frightening, but pets may live much better lives without teeth than be in pain and at risk of complications.

Practical Tips for Pet Owners

You are responsible for the total wellness of your family pets. To make sure that your pets get the very best possible chance for exceptional oral health, here are some tips to consider. These require your commitment and dedication for the very best results.

Establish Good Habits

If you can, brush their teeth twice daily, but not less than thrice a week. Some pets might be fussy, but they can adjust to this routine and bond with you at the same time. Be gentle and encouraging during toothbrushing sessions.

Visit the Veterinarian

Annual or bi-annual checkups include dental work. Throughout this time, the vet can see the state of your pet’s dental health and any early indications of problems. The majority of the time, pets will be sedated to make it possible for the veterinarian to remove plaque thoroughly. Listen to the vet’s suggestions and do what is essential.

Consider Pet Insurance or Wellness Plans

You might check with veterinarians or insurance providers about what they can do for your pets. In-house wellness plans include oral checks and focus on preventive veterinary services for cats and dogs. Pet insurance can cover the expensive treatment costs in emergency scenarios that may require surgery. In either case, payments will be easier on your pockets, and you will always have a sense of preparedness.