The Five Veterinary Medicine Specialties You Need to Know

The Five Veterinary Medicine Specialties You Need to Know

Because more people consider their pets to be members of the family, there is a need for non-traditional veterinarian services such as preventative dental care and cancer therapies, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. There are several types of veterinarians since they are essentially animal physicians, just like there are different medical specialties for people.

Those seeking veterinary school have a wide choice of specialties to select from to satisfy the demands of the expanding and more diverse domestic pet populations. Here are some examples of the specializations available:

Small Animal Practitioner

Small animal practitioners, the most prevalent veterinarian, look after household pets. Vets specializing in small animals, sometimes referred to as companion animal doctors, commonly treat dogs, felines, rabbits, birds, and reptiles. Small animals like ferrets, rabbits, hamsters, and guinea pigs are also treated by certain vets, whereas others only work with cats and dogs.

Numerous small animal facilities provide a pet wellness plan to help their clients afford their services. Their wellness plans have several advantages over conventional pet insurance yet accomplish the same. Understanding that you are covered for a portion of the costs of regular veterinary care when you take your pet to the vet may put your mind at ease.

Large Animal Veterinarian

The medical needs of larger animals like cattle, sheep, and horses are handled by a certified practitioner called a large animal vet. They would have studied animal husbandry, livestock management, and other related subjects in college.

Exotic Veterinarian

As the number of domestic exotic pets rises continuously, these veterinarians are in great demand. A vet that focuses on exotic animals is not as prevalent. Any household animal that isn’t a cat or dog is considered an “exotic” pet. Other than most birds, this veterinarian also treats guinea pigs, mice, reptiles, prairie dogs, chinchillas, and hedgehogs.

Specialty Veterinarian

Veterinarians can pick from various specialties, much like medical professionals in humans. They can even choose a particular species, for example, an avian vet who solely treats birds; if you’re looking for a reputable avian expert, check out this “bird vet near me” page.

Specialists undergo an internship and residency in their specialized field, requiring an additional three to five years of study, along with their undergraduate studies and four years of vet school.

An animal dentist, cardiologist, or ophthalmologist are a few professions that a small animal vet can pursue. Veterinary dentistry might be for you if you enjoy juggling several academic subjects. To handle any oral problems, veterinary dentists must have training in surgery, medicine, and animal dentistry. Check out South Wilton Veterinary Group to learn about their dental facilities and other specializations.

Wildlife Veterinarians

Veterinarians that specialize in wildlife medicine treat wild animals. A licensed veterinary scientist with extra education and hands-on experience caring for particular wildlife species is known as a wildlife veterinarian. They typically work for sanctuaries, zoos, and rehabilitation facilities for wildlife, and they may be asked to take care of animals like tigers, apes, and other kinds of raptors.


The benefits of choosing a vet medicine occupation are concrete and abstract. The work is emotionally satisfying since your care and treatment strategies frequently cause an animal’s improved health and quality of life.

Veterinarian clinicians and those in other subspecialties often participate in teams or facilities where they can meet others who share their enthusiasm for research and helping animals. Business won’t be slowing down anytime soon since pet health is still a leading concern for owners. A poll by the American Pet Products Association (APPA) in 2020 found that 67% of American homes currently had a pet.